The importance of landscape architecture is reflected in the 18th century Modern Garden shaping, especially Tne English Gardens. There are various elements of landscape as sculptures and waters bodies. Sculptures represent a focal point in shaping garden design, and they may be created from natural or artificial materials in a variety of forms, textures and colours. The most used elements in the sculptures creation are stone and wood, and the placement of a sculpture depends upon the light and the shadow patterns which give various stages during the day also during the night by adjusting the night lights. The sculpture should be placed in strategic points, to create an elevated aspect to the garden even if it is a small garden.
Water bodies are the most attractive objects in shaping the garden design. The water, a natural element, offer a prominent aspect, and it can be use to create pools or fountains, which are more adequate for small gardens, reflecting a variety of sounds and giving refreshing effects. Landscape architects are using an electronic timing system to schedule the flow of water in the fountain, and for improving the fountain effect, elements of granite could be integrated. The water in fountains is periodically replaced to prevent the smelly air and the appearance of algae or mosquitos. The small garden shaping depends on soil and water retention, noticing few key factors in the garden design as the shape of the ground, the planting elements, the enclosure, and the way of circulation.
Before reshaping must be evaluated the shape of the earth to avoid the accumulation of water, and remodeling sites of the ground could give a mysterious aspect of the garden which would attract people focus.
There are also some artificial elements in landscape architecture as pavements, planting, drainage, rock gardens, and others more, but strictly for gardens are the rocks and the planting. The nature of a rock garden it’s constituted by groups of rocks, boulders or stones. Those groups of rocks can be created by bonding them with mud or cement, and for a natural aspect plants can be merged into it.
Planting represents the most crucial element of landscape architecture. The elements planted can be plants, trees, bushes or shrubs. These plants create shadow effects that attract the interest of visitors or owners during the daylight hours.
The shape of the majority of plants is of round or conical, and this aspect is extremely useful for contrast with the others elements of the garden, the fence, the sculpture or groups of rocks. The plants are of varied width and height, such as the shinning mind of the landscape architects could create a variety of beautiful spaces that will lead to state of excitement from visitors or users. The color of plants is also extremely important, especially the green of leaves, which combines with the pavement or sculpture grey color.
Landscape architecture represents a various and ancient domain which will constantly evolve, and architects are able to beautify both a small garden and a significant one.
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